Coping Strategies to Reduce Fear from TV


21-item scale that measures four types of coping strategies to reduce fear from TV: physical intervention, cognitive reassurance, social support, and escape. Cronbach’s alphas were .71 for the physical-intervention scale, .70 for the cognitive-reassurance scale, .66 for the social-support scale, and .68 for the escape scale.


Valkenburg, P. M., Cantor, J., & Peeters, A. (2000). Fright reactions to Television: A Child Survey. Communication Research, 27, 82-99.


Every child becomes now and then afraid of something on TV. We would like to know what you usually do when you get frightened of something on TV.
(Response options: never, sometimes, often)

When you are frightened of something on TV, how often …
Physical intervention
…do you close your eyes or do you put your hands over your eyes?
…do you look in a different direction?
…do you put your hands over your ears?
…do you leave the room?
…do you think of something else?
Cognitive reassurance
…do you tell yourself that the show will end all right?
…do you tell yourself that what you see is not real?
…do you tell yourself that blood and gore on TV is only ketchup?
…do you tell yourself that you are too big to be afraid?
…do you tell yourself that you are not afraid?
…do you tell yourself that what you see can never happen in your home?
Social support
…do you sit on your mom’s or dad’s lap?
…do you sit close to your parents?
…do you hold your doll or favorite animal?
…do you talk with your mom or dad?
…do you ask somebody to watch with you?
…do you put the TV on another channel?
…do you turn off the TV?
…do you start doing something else?
…do you just continue watching?
…do you turn off the sound of the TV?